Imprint · Trademark Application · Patent Lawyers · Copyright Lawyers · Links ·

Attorneys at law

Online Form · Online Law · Sample Agreements · Domains · Dispute Resolution · Rulings · Power of attorney · Links ·

Horak online law corporate lawyer online law internet lawyer it law telecommunications it law cloud computung law escrow agreement it agreements german it lawyer germany it law computer law shop law

it lawyer information technology attorney at law german it lawyer it law firm  online law adwords law search engine law distribution law internet shop law amazon law in germany software agreement games law attorney at law

online attorney at law online law internet law telecommunications lawyer attorney at law german germany admonishment dispute resolution law german lawyer warning letter  attorneys fee consultation of a german attorney

it lawyer online attorney legal check of agreements draft agreement licence law arbitration proceedings defending against claims in germany claim in germany file a suit before german courts, european court of justice lawyer attorney

...Online Attorney ...Rulings ...Paperboy

Online Attorney 
Wilful deception 


Attorneys at Law | Lawyers

Georgstr. 48 · 30159 Hannover
Germany ·  

Tel +49/511/357356-0
Fax +49/511/357356-29 ·


The judgement of the German Supreme Court of 17th July 2003 (File Number I ZR 259/00) – “Paperboy” (on admissibility of deep linking)

In its ruling of 17th July 2003, the German Supreme Court held that web pages containing publicly accessible news articles may be linked directly (so-called "deep linking" or "web-clipping") while bypassing the entry pages of content providers.

The plaintiff, a media group that publishes several newspapers and magazines sued the search engine provider "" for forbearance. The plaintiff claimed that the defendant’s use of deep links violated the plaintiff's copyright and database rights, as well as the Unfair Competition Act. According to the plaintiff, the defendant's search engine violated the Unfair Competition Act because it enabled internet users to bypass the plaintiff’s home page, and thus bypass the advertisements placed on the home page. The court held that the plaintiff’s copyright and database rights were not violated since the plaintiff and owner of the copyright had consented to such use by putting the articles online and thus making them publicly accessible. Every internet user enjoys access to the work simply by finding out the URL. The court held that the use of hyperlinks eliminates the need to enter the URL manually, thus making access to the internet more convenient.

Furthermore, the court held that the defendant had not violated the Unfair Competition Act since he did not take any steps attempting at concealing the plaintiff’s identity as the source of the articles. Although the plaintiff could incur damages due to fewer hits on advertisement banners on his website, he cannot demand such detours. The functionality of search engines is one of the limitations of the internet which has to be accepted, the court held.


internet lawyer it lawyer it law it specialist online lawyer online attorneys online law firm europe online lawyer germany german web lawyer media law firm deutsch online law firm online lawyer office hannover germany lowaer saxony attorney online rights ebay lawyer amazon attorney english

© German Lawyer Dipl.-Ing. Michael Horak LL.M  2002-2016

 online lawyer online attorney at law germany internet law software development agreement gaming lawyer games law germany print internet law firm internet law domain law software lawyer competition attorneys save telecommunications law lawyer attorney germanyback german-law-european-law-eurpean-lawyer-specialist-expert-german-lawOnline-Request